The city is popular for its calfskin and material enterprises. It is the twelfth most crowded city and the eleventh most crowded metropolitan agglomeration in India. It is additionally the second biggest city legitimate and the biggest metropolitan agglomeration in Uttar Pradesh. Kanpur was a significant British post town until 1947 when India picked up freedom.
On the west bank of the Ganges River, it is a significant exchange and business focus in North India, with the principal woolen plant of India, generally known as the Lal Imli (in a real sense signifying “Red Tamarind”, for a brand delivered by the plant) by the British India Corporation set up here in 1876 by Alexander MacRobert. The eastern and northern exteriors of the factory are suggestive of the Palace of Westminster, because of their design, closeness to the Ganges stream, and with the north-east corner of the plant being topped by a clock tower like Big Ben in London. This comparability underscores the city’s significance and distinction during the British occasions, which stretches out to date; making the Lal Imli — an incredible feature of the city. The city is likewise generally viewed as the “Cowhide City of the World” and is prevalently nicknamed as the “Manchester of the East”, with certain renditions going as: the “Manchester of India” — a title imparted to other British modern centers of their time – urban areas like Ahmedabad and Surat; generally for its material ventures.
In the 19th century, Cawnpore was an important British garrison with barracks for 7,000 soldiers. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, 900 British men, women, and children were besieged in the fortifications for 22 days by rebels under Nana Sahib Peshwa. They surrendered on the agreement that they would get safe passage to the nearby Satti Chaura Ghat whereupon they would board barges and be allowed to go by the river to Allahabad.
Though controversy surrounds what exactly happened at the Satti Chaura Ghat, and who fired the first shot, it is known that, soon afterward, the departing British were shot at by the rebel sepoys and were either killed or captured. Some of the British officers later claimed that the rebels had, on purpose, placed the boats as high in the mud as possible, to cause a delay. They also claimed that Nana Sahib’s camp had previously arranged for the rebels to fire upon and kill all the English. Although the East India Company later accused Nana Sahib of betrayal and murder of innocent people, no evidence has ever been found to prove that Nana Sahib had pre-planned or ordered the massacre. Some historians believe that the Satti Chaura Ghat massacre was the result of confusion, and not of any plan implemented by Nana Sahib and his associates. Lieutenant Mowbray Thomson, one of the four male survivors of the massacre, believed that the rank-and-file sepoys who spoke to him did not know of the killing to come.